Full Title: The N-terminal domains of Bacillus subtilis CopA do not form a stable complex in the absence of their inter-domain linker
Journal: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA)-Proteins and Proteomics
Year of Publication: 2018
Liang Zhou, Kristine L Kay, Oliver Hecht, Geoffrey R Moore, Nick E Le Brun
Copper-transporting P-type ATPases, which play important roles in trafficking Cu(I) across membranes for the biogenesis of copper proteins or for copper detoxification, contain a variable number of soluble metal-binding domains at their N-termini. It is increasingly apparent that these play an important role in regulating copper transport in a Cu(I)-responsive manner, but how they do this is unknown. CopA, a Cu(I)-transporter from Bacillus subtilis, contains two N-terminal soluble domains that are closely packed, with inter-domain interactions at two principal regions. Here, we sought to determine the extent to which the domains interact in the absence of their inter-domain covalent linker, and how their Cu(I)-binding properties are affected. Studies of a 1:1 mixture of separate CopAa and CopAb domains showed that the domains do not form a stable complex, with only indirect evidence of a weak interaction between them. Their Cu(I)-binding behaviour was distinct from that of the two domain protein and consistent with a lack of interaction between the domains. Cu(I)-mediated protein association was observed, but this occurred only between domains of the same type. Thus, the inter-domain covalent link between CopAa and CopAb is essential for inter-domain interactions and for Cu(I)-binding behaviour.
Link to Article: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29146226