Full Title: Low-grade systemic inflammation is associated with functional disability in elderly people affected by dementia
Year of Publication: 2018
Publication Author(s): Carlo Cervellati, Alessandro Trentini, Cristina Bosi, Giuseppe Valacchi, Mario Luca Morieri, Amedeo Zurlo, Gloria Brombo, Angelina Passaro, Giovanni Zuliani
The decline in basic and instrumental activities of daily living (BADLs and IADLs, respectively) is a well-established clinical hallmark of dementia. Growing evidence has shown that systemic subclinical inflammation may be related to functional impairment. We evaluated the possible association between low-grade systemic inflammation and functional disability in older individuals affected by dementia. We explored the association between high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) levels and BADLs/IADLs in older individuals affected by late onset Alzheimer’s disease (LOAD; n 110), “mixed” dementia (n 135), or mild cognitive impairment (MCI; n 258), and compared them with 75 normal Controls. Independent of age, gender, comorbidity, and other potential confounders, higher hs-CRP was significantly associated with poorer BADLs (loss ≥ 1 function) in people with LOAD (odds ratio [OR] 3.14, 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.33-7.33) and mixed dementia (OR 2.48, 95%CI 1.12-5.55), but not in those with MCI (OR 1.38, 95%CI 0.83-2.45) or Controls (OR 2.98, 95%CI 0.54-10.10). No association emerged between hs-CRP and IADLs in any of the sub-group. Our data suggest that systemic low-grade inflammation may contribute to functional disability in older patients with dementia.
Link to Article: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29428983