Hydrostatic pressure regulates microRNA expression levels in osteoarthritic chondrocyte cultures via the Wnt/β-catenin pathway

Full Title: Hydrostatic pressure regulates microRNA expression levels in osteoarthritic chondrocyte cultures via the Wnt/β-catenin pathway

Journal: International journal of molecular sciences

Year of Publication: 2017

PHHI Author(s): Giuseppe Valacchi
Publication Author(s): Sara Cheleschi, Anna De Palma, Alessandra Pecorelli, Nicola Antonio Pascarelli, Giuseppe Valacchi, Giuseppe Belmonte, Serafino Carta, Mauro Galeazzi, Antonella Fioravanti

Abstract:

Mechanical loading and hydrostatic pressure (HP) regulate chondrocytes’ metabolism; however, how mechanical stimulation acts remain unclear. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) play an important role in cartilage homeostasis, mechanotransduction, and in the pathogenesis of osteoarthritis (OA). This study investigated the effects of a cyclic HP (1–5 MPa), in both normal and OA human chondrocytes, on the expression of miR-27a/bmiR-140miR-146a/b, and miR-365, and of their target genes (MMP-13ADAMTS-5IGFBP-5, and HDAC-4). Furthermore, we assessed the possible involvement of Wnt/β-catenin pathway in response to HP. Chondrocytes were exposed to HP for 3h and the evaluations were performed immediately after pressurization, and following 12, 24, and 48 h. Total RNA was extracted and used for real-time PCR. β-catenin was detected by Western blotting analysis and immunofluorescence. In OA chondrocytes, HP induced a significant increase (p < 0.01) of the expression levels of miR-27a/bmiR-140, and miR-146a, and a significant reduction (p < 0.01) of miR-365 at all analyzed time points. MMP-13ADAMTS-5, and HDAC-4 were significantly downregulated following HP, while no significant modification was found for IGFBP-5. β-catenin levels were significantly increased (p < 0.001) in OA chondrocytes at basal conditions and significantly reduced (p < 0.01) by HP. Pressurization did not cause any significant modification in normal cells. In conclusion, in OA chondrocytes, HP restores the expression levels of some miRNAs, downregulates MMP-13, ADAMTS-5, and HDAC-4, and modulates the Wnt/β-catenin pathway activation.

Link to Article: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5297766/