Effects of pregnane glycosides on food intake depend on stimulation of melanocortin pathway and BDNF in animal model

Full Title: Effects of pregnane glycosides on food intake depend on stimulation of melanocortin pathway and BDNF in animal model

Journal: J Agric Food Chem

Year of Publication: 2013

PHHI Author(s): Slavko Komarnytsky
Publication Author(s): Komarnytsky S, Esposito D, Rathinasabapathy T, Poulev A, Raskin I

Abstract:

Abstract Image

Pregnane glycosides appear to modulate food intake by possibly affecting the hypothalamic feeding circuits; however, the mechanisms of the appetite-regulating effect of pregnane glycosides remain obscure. Here, we show that pregnane glycoside-enriched extracts from swamp milkweed Asclepias incarnata at 25–100 mg/kg daily attenuated food intake (up to 47.1 ± 8.5% less than controls) and body weight gain in rats (10% for males and 9% for females, respectively) by activating melanocortin signaling and inhibiting gastric emptying. The major milkweed pregnane glycoside, ikemagenin, exerted its appetite-regulating effect by decreasing levels of agouti-related protein (0.6-fold) but not NPY satiety peptides. Ikemagenin treatment also increased secretion of brain-derived neurotropic factor (BDNF) downstream of melanocortin receptors in the hypothalamus (1.4-fold) and in the C6 rat glioma cell culture in vitro (up to 6-fold). These results support the multimodal effects of pregnane glycosides on feeding regulation, which depends on the activity of the melanocortin signaling pathway and BDNF.

Link to Article: http://pubs.acs.org.prox.lib.ncsu.edu/doi/ipdf/10.1021/jf3033649