There are numerous inflammatory enzymes in the body. One such is nitric oxide, which is involved in improper insulin response in diabetes. Blackberries are rich in polyphenols which are effective at reducing inflammation and oxidative stress that is associated with cardiovascular disease.
Our research showed that the consumption of blackberries, which contain anthocyanins and proanthocyanidins, may reduce the oxidative stress created by nitric oxide, therefore helping to aid against cardiovascular disease.
In our study, we found that anthocyanins may increase the secretion of insulin and reduce the digestion of sugars in the small intestine, reducing the risk of type 2 diabetes. These results indicate that blackberries may have the ability to help manage glucose levels in blood. Our research shows the high antioxidant level of fermented blueberry and blackberry wine can help to improve the body’s ability to utilize glucose. This research suggested that the anthocyanins and proanthocyanidins found in blackberries work together in reducing the risk factors for inflammatory diseases, like diabetes.
In separate research, the same phytochemicals found in fermented blueberry and blackberry beverages (wine) were shown to decrease nitric oxide production, thereby potentially inhibiting inflammation.
Blackberries contain antioxidant flavonoids, one such flavonoid is anthocyanin. Research we were involved with indicated the primary anthocyanin in blackberry blends was delphindin, which can regulate enzyme activity associated with cancer. Cancer has been associated with chronic irritation and inflammation. Our research suggested that dietary consumption of wild blackberry extract and associated polyphenols may reduce oxidative stress, thus reducing inflammation and improving immune system function, suggesting their value as nutraceuticals.
In this research, the phytochemical profiles of three blackberry cultivars were analyzed. ‘Dirksen’ blackberry fruits exhibited the highest vitamin C content. ‘Jumbo’ and ‘Black Satin’ blackberry cultivars exhibited higher antioxidant capacity. These results suggest the potential of blackberry cultivars ‘Black Satin’ and ‘Jumbo’ to contribute to a healthy diet, based on their higher polyphenol content, providing higher antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties.
EAT – Enjoy this blackberry recipe or check out the Recipe section for more inspiration.
Blackberry Frozen Cream
2 14 fl oz cans cold coconut milk
1 cup fresh blackberries
1/2 cup raw honey
1 tsp vanilla extract
Pinch of cinnamon
Scoop cold coconut milk out of cans, drain the liquid and set aside for another recipe. Blend together honey, vanilla, blackberries and solid coconut milk. Blend. Pour into ramekins or small serving glasses. Freeze until the consistency of ice cream.
*If any terms were confusing, check out the Glossary.